Chiclayo is the capital of Lambayeque and it is
full of tourist attractions. It has good hotels, squares, churches
and museums that hold valuable remains of the Mochica and Chimú
Lambayeque Basic Facts
Area or Surface: 14,231 km².
Main Resources: rice, sugar cane and fruit trees.
Population: 992,000 inhabitants. The capital is Chiclayo and
has 239,887 inhabitants.
Number of Provinces and Districts: 3 provinces and 33
Date of Department Foundation: December 1, 1874
Typical Foods: arroz con pato, espesado, chirimpico, humitas,
seco de cabrito a la chiclayana.
Fauna: pava aliblanca.
Flora: carob tree forests.
Weather: The average temperature is 22° C (72° F). The rainy
season is from February to April.
In the Lambayeque zone, important pre-Columbian cultures were
established, such as the Mochica and Chimú. These cultures are
famous for their artistic works of gold and silversmithing.
Important archaeological remains have been discovered here. This
area was ruled by the Mochica, then the Empire of the Great Chimú.
Years later, the Inca's Pachacútec, Túpac Yupanqui and Huayna Cápac
conquered the Empire of the Great Chimú.
The first Spanish forces that came to Lambayeque were those of
Francisco Pizarro, as they were on their way to Cajamarca to conquer
the Incan Empire. Once the fighting was over, Pizarro left many
soldiers in the Lambayeque area. This city of Zaña was founded in
1563. In 1720, the Zaña River flooded the town, completely
destroying it. Its inhabitants moved to Lambayeque, which then
became the capital of the province.
During the war for independence, Lambayeque was one of the main
strongholds against Spanish domination. It collaborated with the
liberating army of San Martín. During the Republican period
Lambayeque stopped being part of Trujillo and became a province.
During the war with Chile, people joined forces to face the enemy.
Invaders twice occupied Chiclayo.
Currently, Lambayeque is the country's number one rice producer.
Sugar cane production, fishing and commercial development are also
large revenue generators for this department.
Chiclayo is the capital of Lambayeque and it is full of tourist
attractions. It has good hotels, squares, churches and museums. The
Brunning museum holds valuable remains of the Mochica and Chimú
cultures. Among these remains is the recent discovery of , the Señor
de Sipán tomb. Another archaeological wonders in Lambayeque is the
Apurlec. The remains of this great city cover almost 30 km and can
be found between the towns of Motupe and Jayanca.
The beaches of Santa Rosa, Eten and Pimentel are also good places
where the tourist can relax.